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Official Name : Kingdom of Thailand (Kingdom of Siam was the former name. It would be wonderful to bring back the exotic and unique name of Siam. Even a compromising name of “Thai Siam” should make citizens feel proud of the past as well as future.)
National Flag : The flag’s name is “Trirong” which has 3 colors. The outer red bands symbolize the nation and its unity. The inner white bands symbolize any religion that each citizen belongs. And the middle blue band symbolizes the monarchy.
National Anthem : This anthem amphasizes unity and strength of citizens who must defend the country. People should sing or humm along with the flag salutation at 08.00 and 18.00 hrs. respectively. Singing takes only 40 seconds, probably the shortest anthem in the world.


Head of State : His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, Rama IX Royal Flag : The flag name is “Maharaj” which has the color of bright yellow and red royal garuda in the middle center. The Maharaj flag will be with His Majesty all the time, at the royal residence, pavillion, limousine, plane, and boat.
Royal Anthem : This anthem will be performed at the beginning and ending of the royal ceremony; public gathering, cinema, etc. The royal anthem runs about 70 seconds.


Political System : Constitutional Monarchy.
Head of Government : Prime Minister is elected by the majority of members of the parliament.


Area : 513,3115 sq.kms. (about the size of France or 4/5 area of Texas state.)
Climate : Tropical with 3 seasons - Hot Season (23 February to 22 May), Rainy Season (23 May to 22 October), and Cool Season (23 October to 22 Feburary). Average Temperature = 27. 6 ºC
Capital : Bangkok (The Thai name is Krungthep or Groongthep)
Regions (+Provinces) : Metropolitan Bangkok (+5 pro.), Sub Central (+6 pro), Eastern (+8 prs.) Western (+6 pro.), Northern (+17 pro.), Northeastern (+19 pro.), Southern (+14 pro.) = Total of 76 Provinces.
Five Largest Provinces : Nakorn Rajsima (Koraj), Chiangmai, Kanjanaburi, Taak, Ubon Rajthani
Five Smallest Provinces : Samoot Songkram, Phuket, Nonthaburi, Singhburi, Samoot Sakorn
Five Provinces having most Forest Land : Taak, Chiangmai. Mae Hong Sorn, Lumpang, Kanjanaburi
Protected Area : 103 National Parks, 84 Forest Parks, 55 Wildlife Conservation Areas, 56 Non - Hunting Areas, 16 Botanical Gardens, 55 Arboretums.


Nation’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP), 2006 : 4,044 Billion Baht (4,044,000,000,000)
Export Value (2006) : 4,931 Billion Baht (4,931,000,000,000)
Import Value (2006) : 4,871 Billion Baht (4,871,000,000,000)
Government Actual Revenue (2004) : 1,201,111,000,000
Nation’s Fiscal Budget (2007) : 1,566,200,000,000 Baht
Development Budget (2007) : 863,439,500,000 Baht
Non-development Budget (2007) : 702,760,000,000 Baht
Average Monthly Income per Household (2006) : 17,787 Baht Five Provinces having Highest Average Household monthly
Income : Nonthaburi, Bangkok, Samoot Prakan, Samoot Sakorn, Pathoom Thani
Five Provinces having Lowest Average Household monthly Income : Maha Sarakam, Galasin, Payao, Mae Hong Sorn, Nakorn Panom


Population (Nation) : Appr. 66 Million - 49.3% Male, 50.6 % Female.
Marital Status : (A) Male 33% Single, 67 Ever - married (62.0% Married, 2.6 % Widowed, 1.1% Divorced, 1.3% Separated); (B) Female 25.0%, Single 75% Ever-married (61.0% Married, 10.2% Widowed, 1.7% Divorced, 2.1% Separated)
Population (3 Northern Provinces) : (A) Chiangmai City - Appr. 400,000, Entire Province - Appr. 1,700,000, (B) Chiangrai City - Appr. 250,000, Entire Province - Appr. 1,300,000, (C) Mae Hong Sorn City - appr. 20,000, Entire province - Appr. 270,000
Age Range of Most Population : 35-45 years old.
Five Provinces having Most Population : Bangkok, Nakorn Rajsima (Koraj), Ubon Rajthani, Khon Kaen, Chiangmai, Burirum
Five Provinces having Least Population : Samoot Sangkram, Ranong, Singhburi, Trad, Mae Hong Sorn
Religious Citizens in the Country : 94.17% Buddhists, 4.57% - Muslim, 0.80 Christian, 0.09% Hindu, 0.08% others, 0.27% Non-Religious.
Religion in Chiangmai : 87.75% Buddhism, 8.39% Christianity 3.39% Islam, 0.18% others.


Number of Population per Medical Personnel : 3,305 patients / Physician, 15,143 / Dentist, 8,432 / Pharmacist, 652 / Nurse, 3,085 / Technical Nurse.
Ten Most Leading Causes to Deaths : (1) Cancer, all forms, (2) Accidents (3) Hypertension and Cerebrovascular disease, (4) Disease of Heart, (5) Pneumonia and other diseases of Lung, (6) Nephritis Nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis, (7) Suicide, Homocide and other injuries, (8) Disease of Liver and Pancreas, (9) Tuberculosis, all forms, (10) Dengue Haemorrhagic fever.


Education / Enrollment Rate : 74% Pre-elementary, 100% Elementary
Years of Education : 8.5 years (12 years for basic education)
Students/School-age Population : 83%
Literacy Rate : 98%
Number of Students (2005) : 1,806,282 / Pre-Elementary, 5,843,512 / Elementary, 2,761,216 / Lower Secondary, 1,767,546 / Upper Secondary, 2,086,029 / Univ. Undergraduate, 179,191 / Univ. Graduates.
Number of Institutions & Teachers : 38,331 & 651,801 respectively
Three Oldest Universities (during 1950’s) : Chulalongkorn, Thammasart, Kasetsart.
Number of Government Colleges & Universities : 118
Eight Highest Enrollment at various Universities : (1) Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, (2) Kasetsart University, (3) Suan Dusit Rajabhat University, (4) Chulalongkorn University, (5) Songkla University, (6) Naresuan University, (7) Mahasarakam University, (8) Chiangmai University.


Rice Cultivation, 2006 : 30,289,043 Tons
Five Leading Provinces for Rice Production : Nakorn Sawan (1,756,191 Tons), Supanburi / 1,608,12 Chainart (1,109,005), Surin (984,176), Rajsima (912,231)
Seven other Major Crops (Tons) after Rice : Cassava (22,584,402), Maize (3,886,134), Pineapple (2,183,280), Soybean (220,965), Mungbean (132,582), Sorghum (94,885), Groundnut (66,570).
Most Leading Provinces on Slaughtered Livestock : (A) Swine -Smoot Prakan Chiangmai, Songkla, Chacheongzao, Bangkok, (B) Cattle - Chaiyapoom, Udorn Thani, Khon Kaen, Roy Ed, Ubon Rajthani, (C) Buffalo - Nakorn Rajsima, Lumpang, Udorn Thani, Burirum, Ubon Rajthani.
Most Popular Sea Fish & Food : (A) Caught in Sea [Trash Fish, Squid & Cuttlefish, Anchovies, Mackerel, Sardinellas, Longtail Tuna], (B) Aqua Culture [Shrimp, Shellfish, Sea Bass]
Most Popular Fresh Water : (A) River Fresh Water [Nile Tilapia, Common Silver Barb, Striped Snaked Head Fish, Common Carp], (B) Culture [Nile Tilapia, Walking Cat Fish, Common Silver Barb, Snake Skin Gourami]
Eight Most Leading Export Commodities : Electronic Integrated Circuit and Parts, Natural Rubber, Rice, Cassava & Tapioca, Prawn & Shrimp (Fresh & Frozen), Canned Tuna, canned Pineapple, Sugar, Molasses.
Eight Most Leading Countries that Thailand exports to (2006) : USA (150%), Japan (12.7%), China (9.0%), Singapore (6.5%), Hong Kong (5.6%), Malaysia (5.1%), Australia (3.3), U.K. (2.6%), others (37.6%) = 4,938,548,219 Baht


Eight Most Leading Countries that Thailand imports from (2006) : Japan (20.1%), China (10.6%), U.S.A. (5.6%), Singapore (4.5%), Taiwan (4.0%), Saudi Arabia (3.3%), Others (34.0%) = 4,870,953,581 Baht
Number of Flight Traffic through International Airports (2005) : Bangkok (38,985,043), Phuket (3,169,034), Chiangmai (3,014,104), Haad Yai (1,248,757)
Number of Foreign Arrivals (2006) : 18,626,510 persons
Seven Most Nationalities arrived in 2006 : Malaysian, Japanese, South Korean, Chinese, British, American, Singaporean
Seven Most Nationalities as Resident Aliens in Thailand (2005) : Chinese, Indians, Vietnamese, Japanese, American, German
Number of Tourist Arrivals (2006) : 13,821,802 persons
Seven Most Nationalities as Foreign Tourists (2006) : Malaysian, Japanese, Korean, Chinese, British, American, Australian.
Tourism Income from International Tourists : 2005 earned - 367,380,000,000 Baht, expected in 2008 - 600,000,000,000 Baht.
Per Capita Spending (2005) : 3,890 Baht / Day
Average Length of Stay (2005) : 8 Days


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